Brief outline on the SMART Classrooms:The SMART classrooms are nothing but an extension of language lab ensuring children access to tribal context specific learning connecting to tribal language, culture and heritage. It will provoke both the teachers and taught to have discussion on each every item of the pictures drawn on the walls. The discussion will further enable children to grow idea, thought and imagination for cognitive development.
portrayed the shifting cultivation practice byLanjiaSaura, storytelling by grand- mother in the evening, and their housing pattern. The wall-2 is painted with wild animals and birds in the forest such as elephant, bear, tiger, monkey, snakes etc. The art of musical instruments and ornaments used by LanjiaSaura is drawn on the wall-3. The fourth wall is dedicated with some cartoon based presentation through the art of an aeroplane, parachute, frog, tortoise, rabbit, mushroom, camel etc. to draw the attention of children towards new information and knowledge on modern science and technology. In addition, the alphabet train is drawn with attractive pictures on each alphabetic compartment at the border line of children eye level.
- DongriaKandh:This classroom is dedicated in the name of DongiriaKondh tribe.The DongriaKandh, a significant tribal group constitute a primitive section of the Kandha numerically the largest among the 62 tribes in Odisha. The children will know about their famous Meria festival, expertise in horticulture, separate language – Kuvi and colourful dress, adornments and life style. The children will be attracted to fashionable men and women in their personal adornments.
The picture drawn to convey the message that, the DongriaKandhinhabit the lofty Niyamgiri hill ranges spread across Bissamcuttack, Kalyansingpur, Muniguda blocks in the district of Rayagada. The habitation site is chosen upon the availability of sufficient land for shifting cultivation and perennial source of water.
Traditionally Dongriado adopt horticulture and plant fruit trees and enjoy fruits. They produce tons of fruits both for consumption and commercial purpose. They earn good return out of it. The major portion of their surplus products is sold to the middlemen not being able to sell directly in the market. Children in this class room will be taught about various fruits, early numeracy with the picture drawn on the wall.
Dongria are taught the art of playing their traditional musical instrument. They sing songs and dance in all festive and ceremonial occasions. Men play the musical instrument and women locking their hands behind each other dance in a line front of the male drummers. They wear colourful costumes during dancing.
- Gond:This classroom is displayed to portray Gond as a tribal peasant community. The history says, they were warriors and had challenged to British India. They work hard to get their livelihood.They use bullock-ploughs for tilling the soil. They mainly produce rice. Besides rice, they grow potatoes, tomatoes, brinjal, beans, leafy vegetables, wheat, maize are also cultivated.They are found spreading over the hill tracts of central and south India. They are one of the numerically dominant tribal groups in India. They speak Gondi dialect, closely related to the Dravidians. A few of them use Indo-Aryan dialect including Hindi and Odia. In Odihsa their dialect is getting assimilated with dominant neighbour Odia language as they often speak Odia.
Children will be taught about the Gond habitat, their occupation, specific Gond art and culture. It will inspire children to be artists. The picture of an aquarium is an activity corner where children can acquire knowledge and information about fish and water bodies. The drawn picture of ship, boat and fishes (dolphin) will help children to imagine and conceptualize the things. The alphabetic train depicts specific pictures of birds, animals, fruits and other materials against each alphabet. It will enhance children’s abilities of listening, reading, speaking and writing.
4.Santal:Among the tribes in Odisha, the Santals are an advanced community. They are mainly found in the districts of Mayurbhanj, Keonjhar and Balasore in the state of Odisha. They speak Santali language which belongs to Munda groups of Austro-Asiatic sub-family languages. The Santali has its own script called “OL CHIKI” invented by Pundit RaghunathMurmu and now it is one of the constitutionally recognized languages.
Santals are well known for their beautiful and attractive housing architecture with neat and colourfully painted walls, floors, and artistically carved doors. Their traditional dress pattern and personal adornment distinguish them from other communities.
The primary occupation of Santals is settled agriculture. Seasonal forest collection is one of the important source of their subsidiary income. Dance and music are integral part of the Santal life. They dance and sing when they are happy as they love it very much. These dances and songs are always closely associated with their festivals and rituals. Irrespective of boys, girls, age, sex etc. they do participate in dancing.
This classroom is basically designed to portray these Santal community. In addition, this classroom also presents some significant background of modern science, technology, astronautic information and solar system. The pictures of eminent scholars, scientist, and astronaut will certainly impress the children.
Conclusion: The above tribal context specific SAMRT Classrooms are formally inaugurated by Ms.Preeti Prada Panigrahi, India Programme Manager, BvLF, with the august presence of Dr.AchyutaSamanta, Founder of KIIT & KISS Vice-Chancellor, KISS and other eminent guest of honours on the auspicious occasion of International Mother Language Day observation on 21st February 2018. It is expected that, in these smart classrooms, the children will access to a smooth and effective process of learning at their early stage. The MTBMLE project will certainly make a concerted effort in coordination with KISS and the concerned teachers to make this SMART classroom a mean for sustainable MTBMLE in long run.